Republic Act 10913, or the Anti-Distracted Driving Act, takes effect today, May 18. According to the Department of Transportation (DOTr), the government agency that’s tasked to implement it, the Act is “a preventive measure to avoid or lessen accidents and injuries from happening while promoting road safety and responsible driving among our motorists.”
To make it easy for you to understand what exactly the law is about and what it is prohibiting, we’ve taken the liberty of posting the 11 points about it that you need to know as explained by the DOTr.
At the end, we’ve also posted a couple of things about the Act that the DOTr didn’t mention in its 11-point guidelines but is noted in the implementing rules and regulations.
The Anti-Distracted Driving Act 11-Point Guideline
1. What is RA 10913 or the Anti-Distracted Driving Act?
RA 10913 or the Anti-Distracted Driving Act is a new law that prohibits motorists from using communication devices and other electronic entertainment and computing gadgets while vehicles are in motion or temporarily stopped on a traffic light or an intersection. A motorist, as defined under this law, is a person who is driving a motor vehicle.
2. What vehicles are covered by this Act?
This act covers both public and private vehicles. It also covers wheeled agricultural machineries, construction equipment, and other forms of conveyances such as bicycles, pedicabs, trolleys, “habal-habal”, “kuligligs”, wagons, carriages, and carts that may either be human-powered or pulled by an animal as long as the same are operated or driven in public thoroughfares, highways or streets.
3. What does this law prohibit?
Prohibited acts made while driving include but not limited to: making or receiving calls, writing, sending or reading text-based communications, playing games, watching movies, performing calculations, reading e-books, composing messages, and surfing or browsing the internet.
4. What are the actions exempted from this law?
Motorists are allowed to use their devices to make or take emergency calls to authorities in cases of a crime, accidents, bomb or terrorist threat, fire or explosion, instances needing immediate medical attention, or when personal safety and security is compromised.
5. Can we use hands-free devices like microphones and earphones?
Yes, motorists can use the aid of hands-free function and applications as long as these do not interfere with the driver’s line of sight. This means that no communication or electronic gadget should be affixed on the car’s dashboard and steering wheel. In addition, drivers are only allowed to wear earphones when making or receiving calls. Using earphones to listen to music falls under “similar acts” in Section 4B of the law, in addition to reckless driving violation penalized under other relevant laws. Dashcams may be placed above the dashboard or behind the rear view mirror as long as it does not obstruct the driver’s line of sight.
6. Can we still use traffic and navigational apps like Waze and Google Maps while driving?
Yes, although motorists are being advised to set their preferred destination on these applications prior to their departure. Gadgets with these applications may be installed in areas shown in the picture below, or other areas that will not obstruct the driver’s view. In cases when motorists need to find alternate routes while in traffic, they are advised to first pull their vehicles aside.
7. Who are authorized to apprehend violating motorists?
The DOTr – Land Transportation Office (LTO) is the lead implementing agency of the Act. The LTO also has the authority to deputize members of the PNP, MMDA, and LGUs to carry out enforcement functions and duties.
8. How will we know if drivers of private vehicles with heavily-tinted windshields are violating the law?
Aside from some high-definition cameras that can monitor lights from devices inside tinted vehicles, the law will also be enforced by enforcers on the ground who were trained by LTO to determine from the movement of the vehicle whether or not a driver commits distracted driving. A Memorandum Circular setting specifications on the regulation of tints shall be released by LTO soon, upon consultation with tint manufacturers.
9. What are the penalties?
Violators will be penalized with a fine of:
- P5,000 for the first offense;
- P10,000 for the second offense; and
- P15,000 for the third offense, with a three-month suspension of driver’s license.
Violations incurred beyond the third offense shall be penalized with the revocation of driver’s license and a fine of P20,000.
10. Are operators of Public Utility Vehicles (PUV) also liable for violations made by drivers?
Yes, operators and owners of Public Utility Vehicles (PUV) and other commercial vehicles shall both be held liable for the violations committed by their drivers.
11. When will this be implemented?
The Anti-Distracted Driving Act shall be implemented nationwide starting May 18.
What Are Not in the 11-Point Guideline?
1. The P30,000 fine and a three-month suspension of the driver’s license.
Drivers of public utility vehicles, school buses or school service vehicles, common carriers handling volatile, flammable, or toxic materials, and those caught in the act of distracted driving within a 50-meter radius of a school face a much stiffer penalty in the form of a P30,000 fine and a three-month suspension of their driver’s license.
2. A fine has to be settled within six months from the date of apprehension.
If a fine is not settled within six months from the date of apprehension, the LTO shall exhaust all available legal remedies to implement the penalty.
3. The fines may be increased by the LTO once every five years.
The LTO may increase the amount of the fines imposed once every five years in the amount not exceeding 10 percent of the existing rates sought to be increased.
4. The owner and/or operator of for-hire vehicles shall be held liable together with the offender.
The owner and/or operator of public utility vehicles, commercial vehicles, school and company buses, hotels transports, taxi cabs, and cars or vans for rent, shall–together with the driver of the apprehended vehicle–be directly and principally held liable unless he or she is able to convincingly prove that he or she has exercised extraordinary diligence in the selection and supervisions of his or her drivers in general, and the offender in particular.
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