Stocks slide, dollar mixed before rate calls
European and US stock markets fell Tuesday ahead of key interest rate decisions on both sides of the Atlantic this week, and worries about banks continued to haunt investors.
Meanwhile, the dollar wobbled against rival currencies as investors positioned themselves ahead of the US Federal Reserve's announcement on Wednesday and European Central Bank's on Thursday.
"Last week saw risk appetite revive on better earnings from tech giants, but a host of worries about interest rates, further bank crises, the US debt ceiling and of course pre-Fed nerves have conspired to prompt a reversal in equity markets," said Chris Beauchamp, chief market analyst at online trading platform IG.
"European and US indices are down sharply, as investors' nerves get the better of them," he added.
Australia's central bank on Tuesday delivered a surprise interest rate hike to an 11-year high, dashing hopes it would hold them steady as inflation shows signs of slowing.
On Wall Street, US stocks ended the trading day lower with regional bank stocks logging another day of plummeting values ahead of the Fed's policy decision.
The Dow and tech-heavy Nasdaq both ended 1.1 percent lower while the broad-based S&P 500 slid 1.2 percent.
The US central bank is widely expected to raise its benchmark lending rate for a tenth and possibly final time in the current cycle -- by another quarter-point -- as it looks to tackle stubborn inflation through interest rate hikes.
This comes despite greater uncertainty about the banking sector after another US regional lender went under.
Regulators on Monday announced the seizure of First Republic and that it had been sold to JPMorgan Chase, making it the second biggest bank by assets to collapse in US history.
The takeover of First Republic followed the collapse of three US midsized lenders in March, including Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) and Signature Bank -- which rattled markets and raised contagion worries.
SVB's failure came after it took on too much interest rate risk, among other issues.
If JPMorgan Chase's buyout of First Republic was supposed to draw a line on the banking crisis, it has yet to calm investors.
Shares of PacWest Bancorp sank around 28 percent, while Western Alliance lost more than 15 percent.
Metropolitan Bank also saw its share price drop by more than 20 percent.
"Fear is a powerful emotion on Wall Street," 50 Park Investments' chief executive Adam Sarhan said in an interview. "When fear takes over, logic is out the window."
- Oil prices tumble -
Uncertainty has seen lending conditions tighten in the United States, and the latest data shows tightening in the eurozone also, where the ECB is seen as making a quarter or half-point hike.
Consumer prices rose from a rate of 6.9 percent in March to 7.0 percent in June in the eurozone, data showed Tuesday, which could further encourage the European Central Bank to raise interest rates once more, according to analysts.
Frankfurt stocks closed 1.2 percent down and Paris 1.5 percent, after a long holiday weekend for markets across Europe. London slipped as well.
Oil prices tumbled, with the main international contract, Brent North Sea, under $76 per barrel.
"The post-OEPC+ gains have now been wiped out which suggests traders are now of the belief that the economic outlook has deteriorated to the extent that the output cut won't create the deficit that was feared when some were calling for $100 oil," said Oanda analyst Craig Erlam.
Multiple members of the OPEC+ exporters' alliance unexpectedly slashed production by a total of more than one million barrels per day at the beginning of April.
- Key figures around 2030 GMT -
New York - Dow: DOWN 1.1 percent at 33,684.53 (close)
New York - S&P 500: DOWN 1.2 percent at 4,119.58 (close)
New York - Nasdaq: DOWN 1.1 percent at 12,080.51 (close)
London - FTSE 100: DOWN 1.2 percent at 7,773.03 (close)
Frankfurt - DAX: DOWN 1.2 percent at 15,726.94 (close)
Paris - CAC 40: DOWN 1.5 percent at 7,383.20 (close)
EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 1.5 percent at 4,294.85 (close)
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: UP 0.1 percent at 29,157.95 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng Index: UP 0.2 percent at 19,933.81 (close)
Shanghai - Composite: Closed for holiday
Euro/dollar: UP at $1.1005 from $1.0978 on Monday
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.2470 from $1.2498
Dollar/yen: DOWN at 136.55 yen from 137.45 yen
Euro/pound: UP at 88.23 pence from 87.80 pence
West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 5.3 percent at $71.66 per barrel
Brent North Sea crude: DOWN 5.0 percent at $75.32 per barrel