Prostate cancer occurs four times more frequently compared to 30 years ago, and is now the fifth most common cancer in Singapore, according to a SingHealth report.
Here are ten things that you need to know about the cancer, based on a booklet on prostate cancer by the National Cancer Institute.
1. What is the prostate?
It is part of a male’s reproductive system that is located in front of the rectum and under the bladder. It surrounds the urethra, which is the urinary tract.
For a healthy male, the size of a healthy prostate is about the size of a walnut. If it grows too big, it will squeeze the urethra, which may cause slowness or stopping of the normal flow of urine.
The prostate is also an important part during sexual intercourse. As the prostate is a gland, it makes up part of the seminal fluid, which, during orgasm, helps carry sperm out of the man’s body as part of semen.
2. Cancer cells in the prostate
Growth in the prostate can be benign, which means it’s not cancer.
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