Many people find out they have coronary artery disease (CAD) when they experience chest pain called angina or have a heart attack. There are three treatment options for CAD: medical treatment, coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass graft surgery. How do doctors decide which treatment option to use?
CAD is due to a build-up of plaque inside the coronary artery. The plaque narrows the artery and eventually impacts the blood supply to the heart. It can present in two ways with very different prognosis and treatment:
1. Stable angina, where patients only get symptoms on exertion.
2. Acute coronary syndrome, where symptoms occur even at rest, resulting in a heart attack.
“All patients with CAD should receive baseline medical treatment, which consists of medication and lifestyle modifications that aim to control symptoms and risk factors,” says Dr Aaron Wong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Cardiology, National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS), a member of the SingHealthRead More »from Heart disease: Which treatment option is right for you?