Why the spate of recent teen suicides in S'pore?

Krystal during happier times. (Facebook photo)Krystal during happier times. (Facebook photo)In just four weeks, there have been at least three reported cases of teen suicides in Singapore.

Lim En Han and Krystal Aki Mizoguchi, both 18, and Darryle Tan Guan Wei, 16,  all fell to their deaths.

Lim was a bright Hwa Chong Institution student who was pulled out of school after encountering relationship problems and difficulties with studies, while Mizoguchi was depressed after bad 'A'-Level results ruined the Yishun Junior College student's chances of getting into a local university.

Darryle Tan, a Sec 4 Express student, had been suspended from school for getting into trouble.

While the Institute of Mental Health (IMH) said there are no major differences in the causes for teen suicide compared to previous years, it did point out that teens nowadays are more internet-savvy and have easier access to social media.

For example, based on anecdotal experience, bullies "have become more sophisticated and have taken to cyber-bullying to taunt their victims", said Sivananda Penchaliah, principal educational psychologist at the IMH.

He also noted that most teens also give out tell-tale warning signs to family, teachers or friends ahead of time and that these need to be picked up.

In the case of Mizoguchi, she wrote on her blog about being depressed over her 'A'-level exam results, while for Lim, she had been seeing a psychiatrist and her family had withdrawn her from school in March.

Other psychologists and counselors flag other possible risks of teen suicide and what can be done.

Lifestyle changes that see youth more pampered could be a cause, says Sheena Jabel, founder and chief executive of NuLife Care and Counselling.

With families keeping to one or two children, parents are more likely to pamper them.

"When the child is about to fall, already the parents are there to hold him. They do not know what is failure. So when they go through grievances they are not able to cope with it," she said.

Other times, pampered teens threaten suicide to get their parents to accede to their demands. Jebal recounted a student threatening suicide because his parents did not want him/her to get a tattoo.

In such circumstances, it is difficult for parents to gauge the seriousness of a threat, sometimes until it is too late. Jebal suggested parents go to a counselor -- a neutral party -- for help.

The effects of these "lifestyle changes" are "more prevalent of late", said Jebal, who has spent 17 years in this sector. "For the past five years, it's become quite bad."

Teen Challenge's executive director Joyce Chan also said family upbringing and learning ability or culture could affect a teen's self-development and subsequently, their emotional resilience to cope with life's pressures.

If they are not given the opportunity to develop themselves, youth will not be equipped with the essential skills to cope, thus contributing to the risk of suicide, she said.

Chan also pointed to times when the media influences teens by portraying suicides as a form of escape. She urged for the media to help destigmatise the topic by providing more information and getting people to talk more openly about it.

Excessive reporting, however, could result in "copy-cat suicides", cautioned counsellors.

Head of Fei Yue Family Service Centre Rachel Lee wondered if the three youths had heard reports of the others' suicide and if it had any impact on them.

Even if they were not influenced by local reports, people are more exposed to what's going on in the world through the Internet, she said, citing reports of group suicides.

What schools, parents, friends can do

The MOE suicide prevention approach, outlined in previous media reports, comprises of three key elements: Building protective factors in students, identifying at-risk students for early support and referring students with complex issues for intervention.

Counsellors want schools to be more open to working with external agencies. They note the effectiveness of school counsellors is limited because students are afraid their sharing will be reported to the school.

The Samaritans of Singapore (SOS) has been calling on schools to adopt a suicide prevention programme to educate students on resources available to them when they feel stressed, depressed or suicidal.

They also help students to look out for their peers and to be aware of where to seek help, said executive director Christine Wong.

"SOS believes in suicide prevention work and has been pro-actively publicizing our school talks/workshops but only a number of schools supported these talks," said Wong.

Schools and counsellors can't work in silos, stressed Jebal.

When dishing out punishments, such as a suspension, schools should work with an external agency to make sure the student still gets tuition outside of school, she added.

Fei Yue's Lee also called for school counsellors to pay more attention to students facing disciplinary action and support them through this "transition". It is also important to keep an eye out for students who don't do well in school and see what support they need, she added.

For parents, Jebal urged them to befriends with their children's good friends, whether or not they approve of the friend. "That person will know most things about your child," she said.

Lee advised parents to "understand new media" since teens may be better at expressing themselves online.

Latest available figures show that suicide rates for those age between 10 and 19 years were at a six-year high in 2009. There were 19 suicides from this age group in 2009, compared to 12 in 2008.

The Ministry of Education, however, reported no changes in suicide figures among primary, secondary and junior college/centralised institute students over the last five years, according to The New Paper.

The rate of incidence among this group has been five to eight suicide cases annually for the last five years.


If you need help, or know someone who needs help, please contact

Samaritans of Singapore (SOS): (1800-221 4444), befriending service (pat@samaritans.org.sg) or website (www.SOS.org.sg).

Singapore Association for Mental Health: 1800-2837019

Sage Counselling Centre: 1800-5555555

Care Corner Mandarin Counselling: 1800-3535800

Follow Yahoo! News on Twitter and become a fan on Facebook.
  • Hong Kong student activist deported

    GEORGE TOWN: Hong Kong-based student activist Joshua Wong was deported out of Malaysia this afternoon, about an hour after he landed at the Penang International Airport here. The 18-year-old, who landed at 11.55am, was refused entry into the country and sent on the next flight back to Hong Kong at 12.55pm. Wong, one of the leaders behind the Umbrella revolution and the 2014 massive pro-democracy street protest in Hong Kong, was scheduled to speak at four forums to be held in Penang, Ipoh, Johor Baru and Petaling Jaya respectively. The forums are supposed to be held today until Friday. He was expected to share his experience and views on the Umbrella Movement and the Tiananmen Square Massacre on June 4, 1989. The forums, titled ‘The Uprising of Youth and New Social Activism in Singapore and Hong Kong’, are said to be a run-up to the 26th anniversary of Tiananmen Square Massacre. Forum organising committee member Chin Kae Min said the forum would continue despite Wong’s absence and that the other speakers -- Singaporean activist Han Hui Hui and Hong Kong Legislative Council member Leung Kwok-hung -- would be joining the forum’s last stop in Petaling Jaya. Wong was one of the leaders of Hong Kong's Occupy Central movement last year, which saw thousands taking to the streets for 79 days to push for electoral reforms in the city. Meanwhile Home Minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, when asked about the deportation at the Parliament lobby today, said if immigration barred a foreign citizen from entering the country, it was usually because of national security. Meanwhile, Immigration Department director-general Datuk Mustafa Ibrahim, in a statement, said Wong was in the list of people who are barred from entering Malaysia and his deportation was according to the standard operating procedure. He said according to the international procedure, a person who is barred from entering a country would be deported to the country where he departed, in Wong’s case in Hong Kong, to enter Malaysia.

  • Putrajaya fears youth uprising, activists say after HK student leader expelled
    Putrajaya fears youth uprising, activists say after HK student leader expelled

    GEORGE TOWN, May 26 — Suaram Penang and Singapore activist Han Hui Hui have condemned the deportation of Hong Kong student leader Joshua Wong from Malaysia as an undemocratic act against peaceful...

  • 150 foreign and local media at Terengganu’s four festivals

    KUALA TERENGGANU: Nearly 150 foreign and local journalists from 30 countries will converge in Terengganu for a week as the state celebrates four tourism festivals next week. The journos will cover Terengganu’s International Candat Sotong Festival (squid jigging) in Pulau Redang and Laguna Island Resort and then attend the concurrently held Tasik Kenyir Festival, the Peranakan Festival in Kampung Cina and the International Beach Sports Festival at Pantai Batu Burok on June 2-7. Menteri Besar Datuk Seri Ahmad Razif Abdul Rahman said the event would put the state on the world tourism map via the wide media publicity on the event, and indirectly boost the overall foreign revenue. “Apart from bloggers and journalists of the print, electronic and broadcast media, the festivals will have a huge impact as it will also involve tourism activists, agents and the Fisheries Department,” he said., adding that they would also get to visit and cover many of the state’s other prominent tourist spots. The western foreign journalists involved are from the United States, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Sweden, Denmark, Belgium, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Austria and Britain. The Asian countries involved are China, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan, Turkey, India, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Brunei, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Myanmar. “Apart from experiencing events at the various tourists’ spots, the journalists will also get a first-hand look for themselves at what Terengganu has to offer. Meanwhile, Terengganu Tourism and Culture Committee deputy chairman Tengku Zaihan Che Ku Abdul Rahman said the journalists will get to visit to the Duyong Marina and Resort, Syahbandar Jetty, Pulau Redang and the nearby marine park in Pulau Pinang, Laguna Island Resort, the Rhu Sepuloh beach resort and cultural village in Setiu and Kuala Baru estuary in Kampung Mangkuk. “At Tasik Kenyir, the journalists will get to take part in the various water sports, visit the water theme park and the Kenyir Elephant Conservation Village. “Then, there will be visits to Pasar Payang, state museum and monument park at Taman Tamadun Islam,” said Tengku Zaihan. He added the journalists would also participate in a candat sotong session off the Duyong Marina and Resort jetty before winding up their tour with a media briefing by Ahmad Razif followed by a barbeque dinner at the resort.