China’s prestigious Tsinghua University has established a specialised chip college to train much-needed semiconductor engineers, showing its commitment to the national goal of chip self-efficiency amid a global shortage exacerbated by the tech war between Washington and Beijing.
The new school of integrated circuits (ICs) is based on the original department of microelectronics and nanoelectronics and department of electrical engineering, according to state news agency People.cn. The university introduced the semiconductor major back in 1956 and the school has cultivated more than 4,000 undergraduates, 3,000 postgraduates, and 500 PhDs in the IC field, the report said.
“The setting up of a school of integrated circuits at Tsinghua University comes amid the country’s significant strategic needs,” the new school said in a statement posted on its official WeChat account. “We focus on key areas the country is looking at and this is an important step for us to develop and groom high-level IC students in this talent-starved industry.”
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The move comes after Chinese President Xi Jinping, a Tsinghua alumnus, visited the campus on Monday. During the visit, Xi said that Chinese universities should explore the frontiers of technology, improve their ability to innovate, and encourage an “inquisitive mindset” that challenges existing scientific theories, according to state news agency Xinhua.
“[We] must continuously improve the quality of training, [we] must think of what the country thinks of, worry about what the country worries about, and meet the needs of the country,” Xi said, who also invoked a Mao-era phrase to praise Tsinghua for its tradition of producing students who were “both red and professional”.
The lack of semiconductor talent is proving a drag on China’s attempts to catch up with the West in advanced technologies. To fill the gap, it has been trying to lure talent from Taiwan, especially senior executives with experience in managing chip plants.
Shanghai-based Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp, the most advanced chip maker on the mainland, for instance, last year more than quadrupled the salary of its 69-year-old co-chief executive officer Liang Mong-song, a semiconductor veteran from Taiwan.
A widely cited report published by China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology in 2018 said the country faced a talent shortage of 320,000 engineers, but China’s universities could only train 30,000 qualified engineers a year.
Gavekal Dragonomics analyst Dan Wang wrote in a report this week that Chinese chip firms would be talent-constrained even if they had sufficient funding.
“Because of their lack of production experience, their engineers do not have the same process knowledge as their peers elsewhere,” Wang wrote. “Much of the knowledge required to create chips is not embodied in the tools and cannot be written down in explicit instructions.”
Beijing made innovation a top priority in its five-year plan unveiled last month, identifying seven sectors to be given priority for research funding, including artificial intelligence, quantum information, integrated circuits, brain sciences, genetics and biotechnology, clinical medicine and health care, as well as deep earth, sea, space and polar exploration.
The US-China tech war and Covid-19 pandemic have distorted the demand curve in the capital-intensive semiconductor industry, resulting in chip shortages which analysts say could last through 2021 and into 2022 given the multiple factors at play.
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