Which countries are the richest in terms of biodiversity?

·2-min read
These three countries hold the world's largest reserves of flora and fauna.

Where would you have the best chance of seeing the most impressive wildlife reserves? We zoom in on the three countries in the world that hold the greatest amount of natural treasures.

If nature is a top criterion for your travels, Latin America is without a doubt an ideal destination for you. In the top 3 of the world's most biodiverse countries, there are two countries from this continent. Unfortunately, all of these natural paradises are highly threatened by climate change and human exploitation.

Brazil is home to half of the world's biodiversity

Officially considered the world champion of biodiversity, Brazil is home to no less than four million plant and animal species. With its famous Amazonian forest in the north of the country, its Cerrado savanna, its Atlantic forest located on the eastern coast or its wetland ecosystem that it shares with Bolivia and Paraguay, the country has a lot to offer in terms of nature. It is the country with the most species of plants and amphibians, ranks second for mammals and the third for birds, reptiles and fish.

Colombia, land of birds and orchids

Colombia is also endowed with an Amazonian forest and has the largest number of bird species in the world (1,826). But this is not the only treasure it has to offer: its famous Andes Mountains are home to an impressive number of orchids (4,270 species in total, the largest in the world). It is also the second country in the world with the most species of plants and amphibians, just after Brazil.

Indonesia, paradise of mammals

Another popular destination for tourists interested in nature is Indonesia. This Southeast Asian country, divided into no fewer than 10,000 archipelagos, is home to priceless natural treasures. With the largest number of mammal species in the world, it is famous for its incredible orangutan reserves (the best known being Borneo), Indonesia also has 11 million hectares of palm oil. Another feature unique to Indonesia on the planet: in the tropical forests of the island of Sumatra, bears, tigers, rhinos and orangutans live together in harmony.

Léa Drouelle