Didi Chuxing sued by American shareholders over stock plunge caused by Chinese regulatory changes, data-collection inquiry

·4-min read

Didi Chuxing is facing a new problem: angry American shareholders.

The operator of China’s dominant ride-hailing app is facing at least two lawsuits filed in courts in New York and Los Angeles this week and investigations by at least half a dozen law firms seeking to bring additional class-action litigation against the company and its underwriters after its shares plunged.

Last week, the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) announced it was conducting a review of Didi’s data-collection policies on “national security” grounds days after the firm’s US$4.4 billion initial public offering in New York and ordered app stores to drop Didi from their platforms in China over the weekend.

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This week, China’s State Council announced a sweeping overhaul of its regulations on how companies raise money both at home and overseas, with the country’s technology sector firmly in its crosshairs. The changes could hinder dozens of Chinese companies who have filed or are preparing to file for listings in the US.

Didi-Chuxing’s dominance of China's ride-hailing industry.
Didi-Chuxing’s dominance of China's ride-hailing industry.

A Didi representative did not immediately respond to a request for comment on Thursday.

The rapid-fire moves by Chinese regulators have unnerved investors and raised questions about just how aware Didi’s executives and directors were of potential actions by Beijing.

One regulatory source said Didi “forced its way” to go public in New York despite an incomplete data security assessment by the CAC and a request for a delay by regulators, prompting the deeper review.

Didi’s shares are trading below their IPO price of US$14. The company lost more than US$15 billion in market capitalisation on Tuesday alone when its shares dropped 20 per cent. The company’s stock price closed down 4.6 per cent at US$11.91 on Wednesday in New York.

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It is not uncommon for such lawsuits to be filed in the US, particularly after a sharp stock decline or negative news for a high-profile company. Didi’s IPO was the biggest by a Chinese company on an American bourse since e-commerce giant Alibaba Group Holding, the owner of the Post, raised US$25 billion in 2014.

Didi’s prospectus included a variety of warnings that regulators were examining its operations as China conducted a broad crackdown on the country’s high-flying technology sector in recent months, including issuing a record fine of 18.2 billion yuan (US$2.8 billion) against Alibaba for anti-monopoly behaviour.

Dozens of Chinese tech firms including Didi, Tencent Holdings and JD.com, were warned by regulators in April to “pay full heed” to Alibaba’s case.

China’s cybersecurity watchdog orders Didi removed from country’s app stores

In its prospectus, Didi said its own self-inspection following that meeting “uncovered a number of areas which could be deemed problematic from the compliance perspective”.

In the June 28 regulatory filing, it said: “We have made efforts to correct or improve the above areas to ensure compliance to the extent we can. However, we cannot assure you that the regulatory authorities will be satisfied with our self-inspection results or that we will not be subject to any penalty.

“We expect that these areas will receive greater and continued attention and scrutiny from regulators and the general public going forward.”

However, one lawsuit, filed on Tuesday on behalf of shareholder Rafaela Espinal in the US District Court for the Southern District of New York, alleged the company’s registration statement and other documents filed in the US contained “untrue statements of material facts” or omitted other facts that mislead investors, including about the likelihood of its facing further regulatory scrutiny.

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