For 25 years, Filipinos have been under one supreme law of the land: the 1987 Constitution.
But did you know that it is the only constitution in the world to have the word "love" in it?
The 1987 Constitution was ratified by the late former president Corazon Aquino in February 2, 1987.
When she became president in February 1986, Aquino issued Proclamation No. 3, also known as the Freedom Constitution, suspending the 1973 Constitution which was promulgated under the dictatorship of the late Ferdinand Marcos. This paved the way for the creation of a Constitutional Commission tasked to draft a new charter.
Five months after, the Con-Com of 1986 finished its work and submitted the draft Constitution to Aquino. But it was only in February 2, 1987 that a national plebiscite was held in order to put the Constitution into effect.
The nation was asked, “Do you vote for the ratification of the proposed Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines with the Ordinance appended thereto?”
After the national vote, results showed 16,622,111 or 76 percent of the population voted for the ratification of the Constitution; 4,953,375 or 23 percent voted against it; while 209,780 or one percent abstained.
The 1987 Constitution finally came into full force and effect on February 11, 1987 with the president, other civilian officials, and members of the Armed Forces swearing allegiance to the new charter.
Importance of the law
After 25 years, it is the second longest Constitution in effect following the 1935 Constitution which took effect for 37 years.
There have been five presidents since the adoption of the 1987 Constitution: Corazon Aquino, Fidel Ramos, Joseph Estrada, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and Benigno Aquino III.
Among its major provisions is the principle of separation of powers with the government having three co-equal branches: the executive, legislative and judiciary.
Its ordinance likewise divided the Philippines into 13 parts: regions 1 to 12 and Metro Manila.
The 1987 Constitution also mandated the six-year term for a president with no chance of reelection, and a Senate composed of 24 senators with 12 new senators to be elected every three years.
“This is a time to bear in mind the hopes and aspirations for a just society, as enshrined in our Charter, and which we continue to work towards every day,” said Abigail Valte, deputy presidential spokesperson in a statement Thursday.
In commemoration of its 25th anniversary, Valte called on educators to continue teaching the youth about the importance and provisions of the basic law.