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Hong Kong's pro-democracy Apple Daily newspaper hit the stands Friday a day after police raided its newsroom, with an extra-large print run and a characteristic message of defiance emblazoned on its front that read: "We must press on."
The bold stance came as police formally charged two of the paper's executives under a sweeping security law that cracks down on dissent in the finance hub.
The tabloid and its jailed owner Jimmy Lai have long been thorns in Beijing's side, with unapologetic support for the city's pro-democracy movement and scathing criticism of China's authoritarian leaders.
Those same leaders are now determined to see it silenced.
More than 500 police officers raided the paper's newsroom on Thursday in an operation that authorities said was sparked by articles that allegedly appealed for sanctions against China.
It was the first time the political views and opinion published by a Hong Kong media outlet had triggered the broadly worded national security law.
Five executives, including chief editor Ryan Law and CEO Cheung Kim-hung, were detained on charges of colluding with foreign forces to undermine China's national security.
Both Law and Cheung were charged on Friday.
The remaining three executives were released on bail late Friday, the South China Morning Post reported.
- 'All sold out' -
After Thursday's raid, staff returned to a newsroom gutted of many computers and hard drives which had been carted away in police evidence bags.
But they pushed on throughout the night to get the next day's edition out, as they have for the last 26 years.
This time, they were surrounded by a gaggle of reporters from rival outlets documenting the seemingly inexorable decline of media freedoms in their city, an international media hub.
Editors settled on a simple front page featuring pictures of the five arrested executives with a headline that detailed the raid.
But below the fold, in a bold yellow font, they printed "We must press on", words the paper said Cheung told staff as he was led away by police in handcuffs.
The company opted for a print run of 500,000 copies -- far beyond its current daily circulation of around 80,000 -- hoping Hong Kongers might snap up the historic edition.
In the working-class district of Mongkok, dozens of residents queued in the early-morning hours for the first edition.
"Usually we sell around 60 copies but tonight, we just sold 1,800," the owner of one news stand, who did not give his name, told AFP. "Now it is all sold out."
A 40-year-old product developer, who gave only her first name Polly, said she bought 10 copies.
"For many years we enjoyed the freedom of press and we were able to say anything," she told AFP.
"But just within one year it's all different, it has deteriorated so much and everything is happening so quickly."
Another customer, 45-year-old Steven Chow, snapped up three copies.
"There is no perfect media, but it (Apple Daily) is a unique voice in Hong Kong," he said.
"You may not like it, but I think you need to let them have their voice and survive, it is important."
- Future unclear -
It is not clear how long Apple Daily can survive.
Its wealthy owner Lai, 73, is currently serving multiple jail sentences for his involvement in democracy rallies in 2019.
He has also been charged under the national security law and has had his Hong Kong assets frozen.
Authorities froze a further HK$18 million (US$2.3 million) of Apple Daily's company assets on Thursday.
Before the latest freeze Apple Daily said it had enough cash to keep going for the rest of the year.
Mark Simon, an aide to Lai who lives overseas, said the paper would have difficulty paying its staff of about 700.
"We're having an incredibly tough time," he told The New York Times.
"I don't know what's going to happen. I think they're going to keep coming and coming."