Rajat Gupta, a former Goldman Sachs board member and pillar of the US business community, was found guilty of insider trading Friday in a big victory for prosecutors probing Wall Street corruption.
The guilty verdict on four of six counts followed less than two days of deliberations at the end of a three-week trial in Manhattan federal court for the once highly respected business figure.
The 63-year-old faces up to 25 years in prison, but is likely to serve considerably less.
The Indian-born businessman's attorney, Gary Naftalis, said afterward that he plans to challenge the verdict.
Prosecutors say Gupta, who also headed the renowned consultancy McKinsey & Co, fed private market-moving information to his former friend and hedge fund manager Raj Rajaratnam, who was sentenced last year to 11 years in prison for insider trading.
"Rajat Gupta once stood at the apex of the international business community. Today, he stands convicted of securities fraud. He achieved remarkable success and stature, but he threw it all away," chief Manhattan prosecutor Preet Bharara said in a statement.
"Having fallen from respected insider to convicted inside trader, Mr Gupta has now exchanged the lofty board room for the prospect of a lowly jail cell," he added.
"We said that insider trading is rampant, and today's conviction puts that claim into stark relief."
The defense tried to argue that Gupta was innocent and that the government had failed to produce direct evidence. "This is only round one," Naftalis warned outside the courthouse.
However, the circumstantial evidence, amassed in wiretapped phone conversations, telephone records and trading data, clearly left the jury with little trouble in reaching a conclusion.
One of the key episodes in the prosecution's case was Rajaratnam's 2008 purchase of Goldman Sachs shares only seconds after Gupta called him in the wake of a Goldman board meeting.
It was during that board meeting, at the height of the 2008 banking crisis, that Goldman members secretly discussed the decision by investor Warren Buffett to pump $5 billion into the bank -- a huge boost in a time of uncertainty.
There was no wiretapped conversation proving that Gupta tipped Rajaratnam, founder of the Galleon hedge fund, on the Buffett deal. But the phone and trading records presented a damning picture.
"The government's case, albeit circumstantial, was a carefully drawn chronology that left little or no room for the belief that it was anything other than Gupta tipping off Rajaratnam," said Michael Sabino, a professor at the Peter J. Tobin College of Business at Saint John's University.
"The fact the jury turned around on it so incredibly fast demonstrates they had no trouble connecting the dots on the government's charges."
The FBI, which is part of the huge investigation into Galleon's activities, welcomed the conviction.
"Gupta used his exclusive access to the board room to violate his fiduciary responsibility, repeatedly sharing confidential, inside information with his friend Raj Rajaratnam," said FBI Assistant Director Janice Fedarcyk.
"Today's verdict is the latest milestone in an FBI initiative undertaken in 2007 to zero in on illegal conduct in the hedge fund industry."
Robert Khuzami, enforcement director at the Securities and Exchange Commission stock market watchdog, said the guilty verdict "sends a very strong message to corporate America and to Wall Street."
"Those who engage in insider trading, irrespective of their station in life, can expect to be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law," he added.