Hyperpigmentation is the general term used to describe patches and spots of darkened skin that appear as a result of excess melanin production.
There are different types of hyperpigmentation, which mainly fall into two common categories: hyperpigmentation and melasma. Although they both present themselves in a similar way, they are very different.
Nilam Holmes, celebrity skin and beauty specialist and InMode ambassador, has clued us up on the conditions.
"Hyperpigmentation is usually found nearer to the surface of the skin anywhere on the face and body. It is predominantly caused by external factors such as sun exposure, skin inflammation and acne and affects men and women equally,” Nilam, founder of HD Brows, tell us.
"Melasma is a form of hyperpigmentation that is predominantly caused by internal factors such as hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy and use of contraceptive medications," the expert continues. "When there is an increase in the production of the female hormone oestrogen, melanin production goes into overdrive which leads to dark and patches of skin most commonly on the face and sometimes on the stomach. Because of this, melasma only affects women."
How can you tell the difference between them?
"Hyperpigmentation tends to be found anywhere on the face or body, and it usually presents itself as freckle-like spots of different sizes or clusters of spots that form patches of pigmentation,” Nilam explains. “Melasma usually presents itself in patches on the face and sometimes the stomach. These patches are mostly seen on the cheeks, upper lip and forehead in a symmetrical pattern and are often referred to as butterfly pigmentation.”
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