NATO has held its first war games focused on defending the Suwalki Gap, a land corridor critical to the security of its Baltic allies, officials said Monday, amid tensions with Russia.
The narrow stretch of the Polish-Lithuanian border is sandwiched between Russia's highly militarised Kaliningrad exclave and Belarus, a close Kremlin ally.
Military strategists warn it is the Achilles' heel of NATO's eastern flank: its capture would cut off the alliance's three Baltic members -- Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania -- and so shatter its credibility.
The gap, depending on the military analysis, varies from 60 to 100 kilometres (32 to 65 miles).
Moscow has repeatedly denied any territorial ambitions and said a recent NATO build-up in the Baltic region on Russia's border has upset the balance of power.
Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite said Monday the drills -- focused on bringing allied forces across the Suwalki Gap from Poland into her country -- sent a "strong message of NATO readiness and commitment to ensure security of the region."
"Facing threats, we are confident in ourselves, our allies and collective defence capabilities," she said in a statement to AFP.
Fears that Russia could attempt an attack on the Suwalki Gap surged after Moscow's 2014 annexation of Crimea from Ukraine, a move which sent East-West relations to their lowest point since the Cold War.
US Army Captain Jason Koontz, a spokesman for the multinational exercise told AFP on Monday, that formally called Iron Wolf, the "Suwalki exercises involved more than 1,500 service members from the US, Poland, Britain, and Lithuania."
Captain Donatas Suchockis, a spokesman for the Lithuanian military, told AFP that "the joint operation at this geographical location was held for the first time."
The weekend manoeuvres were part of the annual US-led Saber Strike drills in Poland and the three Baltic NATO partners.
This year 11,300 troops from 20 NATO countries are taking part in the May 28-June 24 exercises.
Lithuania's intelligence service has warned that Russia is capable of launching an attack on the Baltics with as little as 24 hours' notice.
It also expects Moscow to simulate an armed conflict with NATO during its so-called "Zapad" ("West") drills in Russia and Belarus in September.
Lithuanian Defence Minister Raimundas Karoblis warned this month that these Russian exercises may serve as cover for an aggressive troop buildup on NATO's eastern flank.
Speaking Monday in neighbouring Latvia, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said the alliance was considering "calling on Russia to brief on the Zapad exercise" in the NATO-Russia Council.
Stoltenberg on Monday joined Latvian President Raimonds Vējonis and Canada's Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan to launch the Canadian-led NATO battalion in Latvia at the western Adazi training camp.
NATO is deploying four battalions of about 1,000 soldiers in each of the Baltic states and Poland in response to growing nervousness over the Kremlin's intentions in the region that was under its thumb during the communist era.