World oil prices jumped on Friday after the US killed a top Iranian general, fanning fresh fears of conflict in the crude-rich Middle East, with Tehran warning of "severe" retaliation.
While global stock markets were mixed following the US killing of Qasem Soleimani, oil prices jumped more than three percent.
In Washington, a Pentagon official said the US would deploy at least 3,000 additional troops to the Middle East as Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei promised "severe revenge" for the death of the military mastermind.
The killing of Soleimani represents "a significant spike in geopolitical risks and could lead to a direct confrontation between the US and Iran," Oxford Economics said in a commentary.
"The importance stems less from the potential loss of Iranian oil supplies... and more from the risk that this could spark a broader conflict that draws in Iraq, Saudi Arabia and others," Cailin Birch, global economist at The Economist Intelligence Unit told AFP.
"There is also a significant risk that Iran could launch a targeted attack on US ships in the region, which could disrupt seaborne crude oil flows and cause prices to rise further."
Oil prices saw record gains in September after attacks on two Saudi Arabian facilities briefly slashed output in the world's top oil exporter by half.
Birch, however, talked down the prospect of a full-blown war and described Friday's price gains as "fairly muted" so far.
European stock markets were mixed, while Wall Street retreated from records, with the Dow ending down 0.8 percent.
While US stocks were in the red the whole session, the moderate size of the losses suggested investors recalled the pullbacks following earlier violent events in international hotspots did not prove lasting, said Gregori Volokhine of Meeschaert Financial Services.
"It's like previous geopolitical events and it doesn't change the broader dynamic of the market, which is that investors are feeling good because the economy is better than expected, the trade war is easing and the Fed is being supportive," he said.
Among the sectors, petroleum companies such as Schlumberger and Apache gained, along with defense companies including Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman. But airlines shares were under pressure.
Meanwhile, investors piled into safe-havens, including government bonds, the Japanese yen and gold, which reached a near four-month peak.
- Key figures around 2200 GMT -
West Texas Intermediate: UP 3.1 percent at $63.05 per barrel (close)
Brent Crude: UP 3.5 percent at $68.60 per barrel (close)
New York - Dow: DOWN 0.8 percent at 28,634.88 (close)
New York - S&P 500: DOWN 0.7 percent at 3,234.85 (close)
New York - Nasdaq: DOWN 0.8 percent at 9,020.77 (close)
London - FTSE 100: UP 0.2 percent at 7,622.40 (close)
Frankfurt - DAX 30: DOWN 1.3 percent at 13,219.14 (close)
Paris - CAC 40: FLAT at 6,044.16 (close)
EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 0.5 percent at 3,773.37 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng: DOWN 0.3 percent at 28,451.50 (close)
Shanghai - Composite: DOWN 0.1 percent at 3,083.79 (close)
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: Closed for a public holiday
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.3074 from $1.3145 at 2200 GMT
Euro/pound: UP at 85.29 pence from 84.99 pence
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.1155 from $1.1172
Dollar/yen: DOWN at 108.11 from 108.57 yen