Pope Francis celebrates Benedict's 90th

Pope Francis (L) and Pope emeritus Benedict XVI, seen together in a handout picture from the Vatican in 2016, met April 13, 2017 so Francis could wish his predecessor an early happy birthday

His 90th birthday may not be for a few days yet, but former pope Benedict XVI got an early present on Thursday: a visit from his Argentine successor, Pope Francis.

The two men met at Benedict's home in the grounds of the Vatican so Francis could be the first to wish him many happy returns.

While the pope emeritus, who turns 90 on Sunday, keeps a low profile most of the time, Francis makes sure he is included in key celebrations in the Catholic Church and brings new cardinals to meet him.

In 2013, Benedict became the first head of the church to resign in seven centuries, amid speculation he was on the verge of a nervous breakdown, unable to cope at the top of an institution beset by scandals.

He said he no longer had the strength of mind or body to carry on, but his health appeared to improve after he stepped down and moved into a former convent in the grounds of the Vatican.

"He is serene, calm and in a good mood. He wants to do something small (for his birthday) to match his strength," Benedict's personal secretary Georg Gaenswein said in an interview with the Repubblica daily on Wednesday.

"His brother Georg will come to visit for a few days, and this is the biggest present he could ask for. On Easter Monday, the day after his birthday, there will be a small party," he said.

Gaenswein said the former pope was still "very lucid, but his physical strength is lessening. His legs are tied".

Benedict was once a keen piano player and just a year ago was playing Mozart from memory, but now "he says his hands no longer obey him as they used to, or at least not enough to play well".

He said the elderly German had "never regretted" stepping down.

Pope Francis, 80, who was elected shortly after Benedict resigned, has said of the unusual situation of having two popes living so close to each other: "It is like having a grandfather –- a wise grandfather –- living at home."