New Delhi, Sep 15 (ANI): A study has found that maternal diabetes, even when controlled with insulin and blood sugar levels are kept mostly in check, can cause permanent damage to the fetus. The disease occurs when blood sugar is too high. It leads to miscarriages or birth defects in babies born from mothers with diabetes. About 300,000 to 400,000 fetuses per year from mothers with diabetes develop neural tube defects-when the tissue that eventually forms the brain and spinal cord fails to form properly-which can lead to miscarriage or profound disability. Although diabetes is a disease generally associated with an older population, the modern diabetes epidemic in young people is largely fuelled by obesity and inactivity. Mothers with diabetes have children with five times the birth defect rate compared to the general population and incidence of diabetes is ever-increasing.
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