Son Of Prata Man Is Helping Fellow Low Income S’poreans Escape The Debt Trap, Here’s How

Zafirah Salim

Mohamed Abbas is the son of a roti prata man and a hawker lady. Along with two other siblings, he lived with his parents in a one-room rented HDB flat.

Growing up in a low-income family, the 26-year-old understands how difficult it can be to make ends meet, especially for blue-collared workers and those in the lower income segment.

“Fortunately, my family did not have too much financial trouble. But around us, stories of hardship among neighbours and friends were very common,” said Abbas.

During his army days, Abbas befriended same-aged Hizam Ismail who served in the Guards Battalion with him.

Coincidentally, Hizam also hailed from a low-income family and they made a pact to start something together in the future that would make a difference to the low-income group.

Financial Woes Of The Low-Income Group

Abbas noticed that borrowing money in Singapore can be very tricky, especially so for the lower income segment.

“In Singapore, there is still a section of the society excluded from mainstream financial services. People with low income and thin credit history are unlikely to get a bank loan because banks don’t find it cost-effective to extend these small loans.”

People from the lower income segment have limited credit relationships with the bank, and this deprives them of getting affordable access to credit.

In times of desperation, borrowers tend to go for what is easiest rather than what is financially prudent. They have neither the time nor patience to visit different licensed moneylenders to compare interest rates, terms and conditions, or late payment fees to secure the best deal.

Moreover, with about 170 licensed moneylenders in Singapore, it would be tedious for a borrower to research, collate and compare the rates.

However, it’s clear these people lack financial education and most of the time, their problems escalate when they take the ‘easy’ way out by turning to illegal loansharks and unlicensed moneylenders for help.

Image Credits: Coconuts.co

Often times, they end up “paying 6 to 30 times more in interest when they turn to alternative lenders,” noted Abbas.

The Start Of Onelyst 

In an attempt to resolve these pain points, Abbas and Hizam came together to kickstart Onelyst in March 2015 – exactly two years ago.

Abbas was still pursuing his business degree with a major in banking and finance at Nanyang Technological University (NTU) back then, but he took a two-year leave of absence in 2014 to build the business.

That same year, the duo took part in NTU’s Ideasinc, a business plan competition that allows them to pitch their startup idea.

The judges loved their idea – empowering the lower income segment to make informed borrowing decisions by improving access to financial information.

They emerged as the top 10 winner among 100 teams, and received an undisclosed sum of money from Spaze Ventures, a seed capital firm and startup incubator that provides funding and mentorship.

Onelyst was consequently launched – an online portal where people could compare and apply for loans from different licensed moneylenders.

Image Credit: Onelyst

“In a simple sense, Onelyst is a data-driven consumer lending marketplace where users can discover personalised loan offers in under 5 minutes,” explained Abbas.

“Users submit an application and they receive customised loan offers based on their credit profile. Users don’t have to go through the painful process of spending 20 minutes at each lender’s office just to know their approved loan amount. A loan search process that could potentially take a few hours can now be done in minutes.”

Within the first year of business alone, they processed S$75 million worth of loans. And in the first half of 2016, the amount increased to over S$100 million.

The startup currently works with 42 licensed moneylenders in Singapore and earns its revenue by charging them a monthly subscription fee.

Helping Singaporeans Escape The Debt Trap

The startup also has a social responsibility component – loan applicants found to have multiple debts will be referred to counsellors.

“There are instances where we encounter people who are already in debt, but are looking for more loans. Our company is about providing these segment with affordable loan options, but at the same time, we are also focused on educating and guiding them to come out of their debt trap,” said Abbas.

Whenever they encounter such borrowers, Onelyst connects them to debt advisory centres like Association for Muslim Professionals or The Silver Lining. These centres guide and provide them with the support system to help them escape from the vicious debt cycle.

Ms Santha’s interview feature with The Straits Times. Read the article here.

“One such example is Ms Santha, who tried to commit suicide due to debt problems. Despite the debt, she still came to our platform to borrow more money. Our platform flagged her and we rejected her loan application because of her poor credit history,” said Abbas.

“But she was relentless and kept calling our team to get more loan. That’s when we noticed her desperation and connected her to a debt advisory centre.”

Shop Online Now, Pay Later

According to Abbas, one of the main business challenges he faced was convincing people that there are actually financially under-served people in Singapore.

“Beyond the tall buildings and high GDP per capita figures, there are actually blue-collared workers fighting hard to make ends meet. And when unforeseen circumstances strike, they are left with high interest credit options, mainly because they do not have a credit score.”

“By leveraging big data analytics, we are enabling the once deprived segment to get better credit options. We are essentially levelling the playing field for the under-served citizens,” he added.

Last November, the team created a cardless payment solution called Rely for the under-banked people in the region.

Screenshot of Rely page

Rely allows individuals who do not meet minimum income requirements for credit cards to buy items via instalment plans.

“Based on our data we gathered from Onelyst users, we realised that there is a huge segment of people who have stable incomes and good repayment ability, but do not have credit options.”

“In Singapore, if you have a credit card, you get instalment plan options. But the blue collared workers who need instalment options are not able to get them. We want to help this group of under-served people to afford products that they really need in their life,” said Abbas.

Rely users will be able to choose products, from handphones to tablets, offered by partner retailers, before requesting to buy the items on credit.

“We use our internal score, developed through deep data analytics and analysis of non-traditional predictive data points across users’ digital footprint, to complete the credit approval. Once approved, the buyer will receive the merchandise, and repay through instalments,” explained Abbas.

He added that the startup wants to nurture responsible spenders to get affordable access to credit.

Growing The Team

Both Abbas and Hizam have backgrounds in business, economics and finance but since Onelyst is an online platform, it was essential to have an expert in IT.

It took them four months to scout the third co-founder – Prakash Raja – who now serves as Chief Technology Officer.

Image Credit: Mohamed Abbas

“We needed a technical founder on our team. We headhunted people on LinkedIn and pitched to them our story. We arranged for coffee sessions and spoke to many technical guys.”

“Prakash Raja was one of the people we met, he believed in our vision and left his job at Atos to join us full-time to develop the technology with us,” said Abbas.

Final Words 

It’s really inspiring to see how far Abbas has come along in life.

Growing up in a low-income family never fazed him. Instead, it spurred him to lend a helping hand to the fellow low-income households in Singapore.

It’s little wonder why he was bestowed the honour of being featured in last year’s Forbes 30 Under 30 in the finance and venture capital category in Asia.

Image Credit: IMDA

To all aspiring entrepreneurs who wish to follow in his footsteps, here’s his golden words of advice –

“Before founders start a company, they should convince themselves that they are solving a problem that will improve millions of people’s lives for the better.”

“Resilience and tenacity are key attributes of a founder. The entrepreneurial journey is unimaginably tough and once you start, there is no looking back. So convince yourself, believe in the cause you are fighting for, rally a team, and work hard towards your vision.”

Featured Image Credit: Prakash Raja


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