Afghan authorities prepared Saturday to try to retake a key border crossing seized by the Taliban in their sweeping offensive to capture new territory that led a veteran warlord to deploy his militiamen in the western city of Herat.
As US troops continued their withdrawal, the Taliban said its fighters had seized two crossings in western Afghanistan -- completing an arc of territory from the Iranian border to the frontier with China.
It now holds 85 percent of the country, a Taliban official said Friday, controlling about 250 of Afghanistan's nearly 400 districts -- a claim impossible to independently verify and disputed by the government.
Meanwhile Beijing, which has criticised Washington for its hasty withdrawal, urged its citizens to leave the country "as soon as possible" after evacuating 210 nationals.
The "complex and severe domestic security situation" prompted the evacuation warning, the foreign ministry said.
- Taliban gains -
On Friday Taliban spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid told AFP their fighters had captured the town of Islam Qala on the Iranian frontier and the Torghundi crossing with Turkmenistan.
A spokesman for the governor of Herat province said Saturday the authorities were deploying fresh troops to retake the Islam Qala post, the biggest trade crossing between Iran and Afghanistan.
"They will be sent there soon," he told AFP.
The Afghan government has repeatedly dismissed the Taliban's gains as having little strategic value, but the seizure of multiple border crossings and the taxes they generate will likely fill the group's coffers with new revenue.
With the Taliban having routed much of northern Afghanistan in recent weeks, the government holds little more than a constellation of provincial capitals that must largely be reinforced and resupplied by air.
The air force was under severe strain even before the Taliban's lightning offensive overwhelmed the government's northern and western positions, putting further pressure on the country's limited aircraft and pilots.
On Thursday President Joe Biden said the US military mission would end on August 31 -- nearly 20 years after it began -- but he admitted it was "highly unlikely" Kabul would be able to control the entire country.
"The status quo is not an option," Biden said of staying in the country. "I will not send another generation of Americans to war in Afghanistan."
Biden said the Afghan people alone should determine their future, but he acknowledged the uncertainty about what that would look like.
Asked if a Taliban takeover was inevitable, the president said: "No, it is not."
- Militias deploy -
Afghan commandos clashed with the insurgents this week in a provincial capital for the first time, with thousands of people fleeing Qala-i-Naw, in Badghis province.
On Friday the Afghan defence ministry said government forces had "full control" of the city, but a local official said on Saturday the insurgents had attacked again during the night.
Around 100 kilometres (60 miles) from the Iranian border, Ismail Khan -- a veteran warlord whose fighters helped US forces topple the Taliban in 2001 -- deployed his fighters to back government forces fighting against the insurgents.
Hundreds of Khan's fighters deployed across the city of Herat and manned its gates, an AFP correspondent reported.
"We are defending Herat ... especially since the Taliban intend to attack Herat. We will defend the city and its people until the last drop of our blood," fighter said Basir Ahmad,
"We have deployed our forces to support this system and the people," said Maroof Gholami, a commander of Khan's militia.
But Pakistan's top envoy to Kabul, Mansoor Ahmad Khan, warned that deploying militias could further deteriorate the situation.
"If things translate into some kind of warfare between militias and Taliban, it will be dangerous," Khan told AFP.
"Therefore, it is important that Afghan government's capacity to defend these attacks and these security challenges is strengthened."
- US pushes for deal -
The Taliban have been emboldened by the US troop withdrawal and -- with peace talks in Doha deadlocked -- appear to be pressing for a full military victory.
Still, on Thursday, Suhail Shaheen, a member of the Taliban negotiating team, insisted the insurgents were seeking a "negotiated settlement".
But President Ashraf Ghani said the insurgents were not interested in talks.
"When one side wants negotiations but the other side doesn't want to talk, is that right?" he said in a speech on Saturday.
US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin called for international pressure to force a deal.
"The entire world can help by continuing this push," he said in a tweet.
The Pentagon chief did not specify which countries he was urging to help, but Pakistan is widely believed to have significant influence over the insurgents.
In recent weeks China, another neighbour, has harshly criticised what it sees as a hasty and chaotic withdrawal by Washington.
"The US disregards its responsibilities and duties and withdraws troops from Afghanistan hastily, dumping the mess and war on the Afghan people and countries in the region," foreign ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin told a routine briefing Friday.
"The US, as the original culprit of the Afghan issue, bears unavoidable responsibility."