Tencent’s Pony Ma talks with antitrust authorities in Beijing, putting on a brave face amid new fintech rules

Iris Deng
·4-min read

Tencent Holdings has confirmed a meeting between its founder Pony Ma Huateng and Beijing’s antitrust authority, but it called the meeting “voluntary” and “one of the regular meetings that we have” amid speculation about whether China’s biggest social media and video games company will be burned as Beijing turns up the heat in its antitrust drive.

Ma said during a conference call on Wednesday that Tencent is cooperating with regulators on compliance issues, including “reviewing some conditions in our past investments”, but he did not mention the meeting.

In response to a Reuters report about the meeting between Ma and the State Administration of Market Regulation (SAMR) this month, Tencent president Martin Lau Chi-ping said during the conference call that it was a voluntary meeting and that the company discussed “a broad range of topics” with the regulatory agency.

Do you have questions about the biggest topics and trends from around the world? Get the answers with SCMP Knowledge, our new platform of curated content with explainers, FAQs, analyses and infographics brought to you by our award-winning team.

“The main focus [of the meeting] is actually on creating a healthy environment for innovation to happen in China,” Lau said.

Lau did not say who else attended the meeting or provide any additional details.

Ma requested a meeting with the SAMR deputy head Gan Lin and other senior officials while attending the National People’s Congress in early March, Reuters reported, citing unidentified sources.

Tencent, whose WeChat messaging and mobile payments app is ubiquitous in the world’s second-largest economy, is next on the list for Beijing’s antitrust oversight, Bloomberg reported on March 12.

The meeting was the first between Ma and the SAMR since the Chinese leadership started applying antitrust regulations to the country’s Big Tech companies late last year, according to public records. Ma had been laying low, with this month’s parliamentary gathering in Beijing being his first public appearance since August 2019.

On Christmas Eve last year, the SAMR launched an antitrust investigation into Alibaba Group Holding, owner of the South China Morning Post, to see whether the e-commerce giant’s practice of forcing merchants to pick one online platform as their exclusive sales channel violated the country’s Anti-Monopoly Law. No results from the investigation have been announced.

Tencent’s WeChat is one of China’s two largest mobile payment apps, along with Alipay from competitor Ant Group. Photo: AFP
Tencent’s WeChat is one of China’s two largest mobile payment apps, along with Alipay from competitor Ant Group. Photo: AFP

On March 12, the SAMR said it had fined 12 Chinese firms, including Tencent and Baidu, 6 million yuan (US$920,840) each for failing to report merger deals for review.

The regulatory uncertainty now hanging over Tencent has hit the company’s stock price, derailing its ascent on its way to possibly becoming Asia’s first company valued at US$1 trillion. Tencent’s share price in Hong Kong closed at HK$623.50 (US$80.30) on Wednesday, down 18 per cent from its peak on January 25.

Despite investor skittishness, Tencent’s myriad businesses have remained strong throughout the Covid-19 pandemic. The company’s fourth-quarter profits rose 175 per cent year on year to 59.3 billion yuan. Total revenue was up 26 per cent to 133.7 billion yuan.

Fintech is a particular area of concern for Tencent, as the company is China’s second-largest mobile payments operator. Fintech and business services made up 29 per cent of the company’s revenue last quarter, pulling in 38.5 billion yuan.

Tencent tests Beijing’s antitrust redline with game streaming merger

But the company could be pushed into putting its financial services into a holding company, Bloomberg reported this month, similar to what is being asked of rival Ant Group, the owner of Alipay and an affiliate of Alibaba.

Lau downplayed what this might mean for Tencent, saying the move would be “just about changing the organisation structure, and it has no big impact on business”. He added that Tencent has been doing well in compliance and risk control with its fintech products and that the business has been growing in a healthy and continuous manner.

Tencent has “always been very focused on compliance and will continue to operate strictly in compliance with the rules and regulations”, Lau said in the earnings call.

Lau also said that other new financial regulations will have a limited impact on Tencent because the company has already complied with them. These include a 30 per cent capital requirement for online credit, an online credit cap of 200,000 yuan and a ban on credit for university students.

“We embrace the changes in regulations,” Lau said.

More from South China Morning Post:

This article Tencent’s Pony Ma talks with antitrust authorities in Beijing, putting on a brave face amid new fintech rules first appeared on South China Morning Post

For the latest news from the South China Morning Post download our mobile app. Copyright 2021.