The head of South Korea's biggest Buddhist denomination stepped down on Tuesday amid allegations that he forged his academic credentials, amassed vast wealth and fathered a child in breach of celibacy rules.
With more than 3,000 temples, 13,000 monks and seven million followers, the Jogye Order is followed by most of South Korea's Buddhists and is highly influential in a country where religion remains a powerful social force.
But it has long been dogged by corruption allegations and factional feuds that often spill over into the headlines.
The resignation of Jogye president Seoljeong came days after he lost an unprecedented vote of no confidence by the order's governing committee.
The 76-year-old bid farewell to the followers and officials at the the order's headquarters in Seoul and left for another temple south of Seoul where he had previously served for years.
"I joined this religious sect to bring changes to the flawed Korean Buddhism but will have to return to the mountain having failed to fulfil my wish," he said in a press conference.
Seoljeong would likely have been forced out of the job at a Wednesday meeting of the order's elders.
Pressure had mounted on the monk since an investigative TV programme claimed in May that he had fathered a daughter in breach of celibacy rules, and secretly owned vast real estate holdings despite taking a vow of poverty.
The investigation also revealed that the nation's top university denied Seoljeong had graduated from the institution, contradicting a claim made in his autobiography.
Many rank and file members and civic groups staged months-long protests demanding his resignation, and a senior reform-minded monk was recently hospitalised after a conducting 41-day hunger strike againstr the monk.
Seoljeong, who took office last November, has denied all the allegations, accusing an "old guard" within the order's leadership of derailing his reform drive by framing him.
He repeated the denial on Tuesday, claiming that "a handful of politically-minded monks are destroying the order".
A 2014 survey by Korea Gallup showed 22 percent of South Koreans identify themselves as Buddhist, while nearly 30 percent are Christian.