Beijing’s provocative actions are partly to blame for the slump in US-China relations, but both nations should “think hard” about how to reduce tensions, a former US treasury secretary said on Friday.
Speaking via a video link at the China Development Forum, Larry Summers, who worked in the treasury under Bill Clinton and was director of the National Economic Council under Barack Obama, did not pull his punches.
“I think it would be a grave mistake for my Chinese friends … to neglect the reality that there have been a number of actions on your side that really have been provocative, that have contributed to imperilling the [China-US] relationship,” he said.
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The main venue for the three-day event, which began on Wednesday, was the Diaoyutai State Guest House in Beijing, but officials and business leaders joined the videoconference from around the world.
“We both need to think very hard about what we can do to reduce the sense of truculence that surrounds this relationship,” Summers said.
Among the areas of most concern were those “involving practices, technology and intrusions into internal institutions of the other nation”, he said.
“Those are vexing areas that we are going to have to work through.”
Adopting a cold war model was not helpful for China or the United States, Summers said, adding that he expected the two nations to be able to work together on climate change and public health under a Joe Biden administration.
“I think he [president-elect Biden] is committed to working with others on climate,” he said. “I think he is committed to working with others on global health issues.”
China and the US are locked in a tense rivalry spanning almost every aspect of their relationship – from trade and ideology to regional security in the Indo-Pacific.
On the subject of trade, Summers said Washington was less concerned about values and volumes than it was about creating an open and fair environment for doing business, and providing proper protection for intellectual property.
“I think we need to change the focus away from bilateral balances and away from the size of trade flows to more fundamental issues,” he said.
“The desire is to have an open, fair trading system, rather than a closed system.”
Summers did, however, acknowledge that some of the problems faced by the two countries could be attributed to cultural differences.
“We respect your system and it’s very greatly different from our system in that it is more difficult for your government officials to claim an inability to control what happens or to influence what happens, or to not be held responsible for what happens and what your companies do,” he said.
“Those kinds of claims are more difficult for Americans to hear than they might be in countries where power is less centralised.”
He said there were also concerns about China’s influence on the campuses of American universities.
“It is very troubling when you hear of universities being told that if they wish to continue to enjoy the revenue from a substantial number of Chinese students, they must censor the writings of their professors, or that Chinese students are reporting back in considerable detail on the precise nature of the comments made by other students,” he said.
Zhu Min, a former deputy managing director of the International Monetary Fund and head of the National Institute of Financial Research at Tsinghua University in Beijing, told the forum there was a particular need for China and the US to resolve their problems in the field of technology.
“I think it’s very important for these two countries to sit down to talk because we don’t want to see the world with two different tech systems,” he said. “We don’t want to see the world with two 5G systems.”
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