The plan will see hundreds of new wind turbines installed off the Scottish coast, and increase existing offshore capacity to 11 gigawatts (GW) by the end of the decade.-
In addition to providing clean energy and helping the country hit net-zero emissions, the target will drive a âgreen recoveryâ from the impact of the coronavirus pandemic, with greater investment in the sector creating more jobs, the Scottish government said.
The capacity of Scotland's offshore wind production is currently 1GW and there are already developments underway to bring this up to 5.6GW.
Scotlandâs energy minister, Paul Wheelhouse, said the plan marked âa pivotal momentâ for the expansion of Scotlandâs offshore operations.
He said: âOur seas are host to some of the best offshore wind resources in the world, and our ambition to capitalise on our offshore wind generation capacity is part of the bold action we are taking to support economic recovery and become a net-zero society.
âThe Scottish government is determined to drive a green economic recovery with investment in renewable energy at the heart of it. We want to harness Scotlandâs enviable wind resource for our energy system and unlock significant investment in the supply chain to create more green jobs across the sector.â
In a ministerial foreword to the plans, Mr Wheelhouse wrote: âThe targets represent a huge shift away from established norms, and the way in which we live and work.â
The target comes after UK prime minister Borish Johnson told the Conservative Party conference earlier this month he wanted to make the UK âthe Saudi Arabia of windâ, and said the sector would provide âhundreds of thousands, if not millions, of jobsâ.
âWe believe that in 10 yearsâ time, offshore wind will be powering every home in the country, with our target rising from 30 gigawatts to 40 gigawatts,â he said.
Ben Miller, senior policy manager at Scottish Renewables, said the ambition set out by the Scottish government was a âmilestone momentâ, but warned âthere is much work to doâ, to hit the target, and expressed disappointment not all the recommendations in a draft plan for offshore expansion were included in the governmentâs announcement.
He said: âIf we are to deliver on those stretching climate targets itâs imperative that we use every tool in our armoury and continue to work together to find creative solutions to the further deployment of the cheap, popular renewable energy technologies which are already delivering environmental and economic benefits across Scotland."
WWF Scotland called on Mr Johnsonâs administration to work closely with the Scottish government to make sure the investment in wind benefits local people economically.
Fabrice Leveque, head of policy at WWF Scotland said: âOffshore wind is already powering hundreds of thousands of Scottish homes and this new plan will help grow an industry thatâs vital to reach net-zero climate emissions by 2045.
âEach project creates hundreds of jobs and can help put Scotland on a path to a green recovery. In order to ensure local communities and businesses benefit, itâs imperative the UK and Scottish Governments work closely together to ensure as much work as possible goes to local supply chains.â